The Mies Crossword (CTS, Pt. 3)

mies2118fb1Time for another installment of T Campbell‘s “Callin’ Them Squares,” or “More Fun Than Crossword Taxonomy Probably Should Be.” Last time out, we were talking themelesses, and rubbing the term “themeless” in Matt Gaffney’s face. Undignified, really.

Thing is, just because you got no theme, doesn’t mean you got no category. With the caveat that there’s a lot of overlap, I see four major types of themeless: the Mies, the seed patch, the pudding, and the anything-goes.

Mies van der Rohe is one of the virtuoso architects of the last hundred years, noted for a less-is-more approach and building on a grand scale. When you see a van der Rohe building, you know it’s a van der Rohe building before you walk in. And when you see a Mies themeless, you know something’s up before you solve a single entry.

Region capture 5Something is an achievement about the unsolved grid itself… but unlike a mutant grid, it still obeys all the conventional rules, just with unconventional flair. Perhaps there are oddly few black squares, or perhaps they’re arranged in an odd way. This category includes my own Ubercross Fiddy and any other giant-sized puzzle (including the “World’s Largest Crossword Puzzle(TM)”). The two record-holders for least number of squares in a 15×15. The one with the lowest word-count in a 15×15. The one whose entries all have an odd number of letters. The one whose entries all have an even number of letters. One of the ones that looks like a pinwheel. The one with just 17 across entries. The one with two stacks of four 15-letter entries. The other one with two stacks of four 15-letter entries.

Region capture 18Is it possible to have a virtuosic, Miesesque grid in a themed puzzle? Of course, and we’ll discuss those in greater depth later. But in a true Mies, the grid is the only “theme” to be found.

Solvers, especially beginners, might not be able to say what it is about a certain puzzle grid that’s unusual. However, looking at a grid for as long as it takes to solve it means that most solvers will perceive the difference on some level.

The question is, will they care?

Kevin G. Der set the record for the lowest number of black squares in a 15×15 in 2008. His Mies had 18. That record has since been tied, but not broken. As the foremost record-keeper for such things, Jim Horne was one of this puzzle’s biggest boosters, but even he praised Der’s Mies in the negative, talking about how few words in the puzzle felt unnatural, although many of them were unusual if not unique to the New York Times.

Rex Parker was distinctly more nonplussed, citing the four plural proper names (SERTS, NUNNS, ENRICOS, TORRES) and three “odd jobs” (RADIOER, IMAGINER, STARER) that Der used as a bridge to his goal. “The fact that a grid is super difficult to pull off does not make the end result pleasing.” Reynaldo backed Parker up: “The black-square count does nothing to enhance a puzzle’s entertainment quotient.”

Region capture 9Reviews of Joe Krozel’s record-tying puzzle, two years later, were middling. Brian Cimmet wrote, “It’s a monster. At least, to me it was. Perhaps you know all these things that aren’t really words and aren’t common names. It’s the crossings of things that aren’t really words and aren’t common names that result in Gaping Chasms of Ignorance for yours truly.” Reynaldo was only somewhat kinder: “In this 62-worder, there are some non-low-word-count-ish cool things and some ‘ehhh, no’ things.” Michele Humes found it relatively easy but noted that in a grid like this, “there are bound to be some compromises… some of the answers felt a little tenuous.” Of the reviewers I could find, only Horne showed unalloyed enthusiasm:

This one is quite doable and has some brilliant moments… Even if we don’t know it’s a record, we gasp at that ocean of white, and take a deep breath before diving in. This is how the state of the art advances. We see an impossible stack of 4 15s in the middle and someone responds with two quadruple stacks in one grid. Someone does a triple pangram and someone else responds with an outside-the-grid rebus. Not every experiment is worth trying but many are. Not every experiment succeeds, but some do, and some new gimmicks eventually become a standard part of the repertoire.

frankenstein_movieIt’s a fair point. But some science is mad science. Not every experiment is worth trying. Some involve things man wasn’t meant to do.

When I was making the Ubercross Fiddy, I was looking around to make sure I hadn’t hired a hunchback assistant. Reactions from crossword “outsiders” boiled down to those four words every guy loves to hear: “WOW! It’s so BIG!” Early reactions from those in the know were more… cautious. There had been other giant puzzles, their achievements tainted by the compromises they had to make: The World’s Largest Crossword Puzzle(TM) uses many uncrossed squares and repeat entries, while Robert Stilgenbauer’s earlier giant relies on obscura. These precedents began working in the Fiddy’s favor after the test-solving phase. David Blackwell called the Fiddy “recognized by many as the largest crossword puzzle available that is worth the effort.” But it’s terribly easy, whenever anyone goes for any kind of record, to serve an ambitious goal at the expense of perspective.


To be a Mies, a grid needs to be trickier to achieve than the standard models. But not every Mies needs a design that makes quality inherently difficult. This April’s “odd-numbered” Mies from David J.W. Simpson seemed to gather a positive response from Reynaldo, Ryan Hecht and the New York Times commenters. It may have helped that with its longest entries, it gives the trick away: EACH ANSWER HAS AN / ODD / NUMBER OF LETTERS. (One could argue these are “theme entries,” but since the single run-on entry here only describes the puzzle’s own architecture, I’d still group it with the themelesses.) Solvers have always appreciated cleverness more than brute force– especially the kind of cleverness that reveals itself to them as they solve, so they can feel like the cleverness is partly theirs.

Region capture 6Parker had an acidly, hilariously dissenting view which is worth reprinting as a caution against the dangers of too much cleverness, or relying too heavily on any one gimmick:

Odd number of letters in each answer. Hmmm. Who. Cares? How does this feature increase my solving enjoyment? What does the this theme add, value-wise? Zero… “Hey, look what I made.” Yep, those are answers with odd numbers of letters, all right. Congratulations?

Mies van der Rohe has had his critics, too. While he was known for claiming “less is more,” Miesian critics would retort “Less is less.” And while his “form follows function” sounds like a virtue… whose function?

Themeless puzzles in most venues are expected to have a lower word count than themed puzzles, and the virtues of an “open” design are much-discussed. As long as it’s not too open, it can lead to a smoother solve and better vocabulary. Some Mieses are simply beautiful, and there’s nothing wrong with beauty.

But if you want to push the Mies in directions that it’s never, or rarely, gone before, and you want to make a solver happy, it’s usually best to be prudent as well as brave. Leave yourself enough room to make the puzzle good as well as remarkable.

guinness_world_recordsThe hypothetical 17-black-square grid is a goal cited by several cruciverbalists, which Joe Krozel feels the need to make reality. Along the same lines, I’ve spoken about my dream to beat the size of The World’s Largest Crossword, without using uncrossed squares, repeat entries or obscura. But I have to be cautious, and Krozel should be, too. The definition of “obscura” gets woolly when you’re within finger-brushing distance of your goal, and you can only reach it by defining J.G. JONES as common knowledge.

Meanwhile, a simple smiley-face design might give more pleasure to the solver. And that’s what it all should be about.

Whew! Fittingly, this one ran very long. Next time out, we’ll focus on the seed patch themeless.

That would have been more appropriate for Thanksgiving weekend, but oh, well.

P.S.: Reader feedback convinced me to change this category name to the “Mies” from the “Gehry.”

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8 Responses to The Mies Crossword (CTS, Pt. 3)

  1. pannonica says:

    Frank Gehry is famous for his unconventional and almost always asymmetric structures. All of the examples you’ve shown are simply extreme in one form or another (white squares, size, et al.) but hardly mimic Gehry’s architectural style. They don’t subvert the underlying regularity of the crossword grid.

    Although he’s in a different field, maybe Christo is a better eponymic choice, since his schtick is dressing buildings up. Often people react to his creations (treatments?) similarly to some of the dissents you cite above: “Interesting, but what’s the point?”

    On the other hand, perhaps it’s better to stick to architects, since a crossword is constructed, not simply adorned. Even so, there must be another candidate known for impressive, extreme edifices that haven’t necessarily challenged the conventions of the discipline.

  2. John Haber says:

    I didn’t care for the Gehry analogy, for many reasons (although I didn’t think of pannonica’s interesting point). It appears to be saying that some buildings reflect the architect’s signature, and similarly some puzzles are recognizable as the setter’s style. Fair enough, but, first, the category here isn’t about style at all, but about grids that minimize black squares or maximize stacks. It’s about competition and virtuosity.

    Second, in fact lots of setters who don’t specialize in the grid competition have a recognizable style. You know what to expect from the byline without looking at the grid. I won’t tire you by singling out any, but I’m sure everyone in the forum has many in mind. And I’m sure you’ll find examples of such stylistic features as you continue, even for other kinds of themeless puzzles. Conversely, surely any setter who’s pulled off a grid like this has done other kinds of puzzles, so the grid can’t be that setter’s style!

    Third, anyway lots of architects have a recognizable style. What distinguished architect doesn’t, apart perhaps from one who evolved as often as Philip Johnson? You just happen to have heard of Gehry. Yeah, I know he’s been the papers a lot since the museum in Bilbao.

    So far, this series has been a total dud for me when it comes to claims and ideas, but I do admire no end the informed rundown of record-setting grids. Nice job. I had no idea.

  3. T Campbell says:

    Pannonica and John: Picking the name “Gehry” is synecdoche, shorthand for virtuosic architecture in general. The category covers asymmetrical themelesses as well as the types mentioned in the piece– I probably should revise in a comment to that effect, pannonica: thanks for that.

    John, all due respect, but I’m well aware that most virtuosic architects have an identifiable style. Gehry, though, is one of the few who strikes me as close to a household name, whose buildings are visibly different from all others even to the architectural layperson, and whose name is more smoothly repurposeable than Frank Lloyd Wright’s or Le Corbusier’s.

    That said, if pannonica or anyone else thinks of a more appropriate match, I’ll give it due consideration.

  4. pannonica says:

    Hard to come up with another architect who meets the criteria of extremeness, name recognition, and potential eponymity. Even so, “Gehry” continues not to sit well for me, and only slightly because I don’t care for his work.

    How about “Herzog,” after the filmmaker notable for going to extremes in pursuit of his artistic vision? His dedication may at times seem quixotic, unnecessary, or inexplicable, but it is inarguably impressive and somehow undeniable, if not always admirable.

    Aside from losing the more direct structural analogy, he and his creations—to me, of course—more precisely embody the type of work you’ve described and alluded to here. And damn if “Herzog” doesn’t sound more concise and solid than the whimsical “Gehry.”

    There’s even a tenuous Fiend connection.

  5. T Campbell says:

    I’ve thought this over, pannonica, and I can’t help but think about what you said above, “Perhaps it’s better to stick to architects.” Metaphors like this always require a little inexactitude, but I think invoking a well-known virtuoso architect is the best way to sum up the topic of virtuoso grid architecture.

    Fairness compels me to add that I’m not that familiar with Herzog, and I have a feeling John knows a lot more about architecture than I do. Still, in selecting the term, I was concerned about those who knew less.

  6. Quentinc says:

    I’m a consummate crossword diletante with only a casual interest in puzzle construction/deconstruction, and am late to the peanut gallery here, but I felt impelled (if not i.m.peid) to offer some positive feedback to Mr. Campbell. This is an entertaining series, and obviously a labor of love, so it seems wrong that the only comments should be negative ones.

    The term “Gehry” seems perfectly reasonable to me. Inexact, yes, but far more descriptive than any of the alternate suggestions. I have yet to solve a puzzle that even remotely brought Aguirre: The Wrath of God to mind (although I’d like to). On the other hand, F. (Form over Function) Gehry definitely resonates. And not that T Campbell needs it, but anyone who can use “synecdoche” in a spontaneous debate has earned substantial latitude!

  7. Anonymous says:

    I should know better, but this post has coaxed me out of my status as a lurker so that I can respond to agree with pannonica and Haber: Gehry is a household name because of his style, not because of his philosophy or approaches or goals. This style is not reflected in the crosswords you’re holding as examples. So, while he is a famous architect, he’s not the right one, because his name connotes the wrong things. (I don’t need to bring out examples in support of this point, do I?)

    I’m sure a real architecture buff could do better than the following suggestion, but, off the top of my head, how about Mies? Famous for a form-follows-function, less-is-more approach, which matches many of the statements you make about fill and grid. Famously associated with his immense, rectilinear buildings, which have the right visual style and the right (metaphorical) scale of achievement. Four letters with two vowels, so he’s a more common entry.

  8. T Campbell says:

    This is certainly the best suggestion yet (I’d eliminated “van der Rohe” for reasons of awkwardness). It’s getting harder to change this name as the article’s begun to accumulate links, but I’ll put it to a vote.

    Also, I don’t know why you say “you should know better.” I just wish you’d commented earlier, really.

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